Ava Muhammad

Ava Muhammad (born 1951) is an American Black Muslim. In 1998 she became the first female Minister to preside over a mosque and region in the history of the NOI. Her job as national spokesperson for Minister Farrakhan is among the most prominent in the nation — a post formerly held by Malcolm X under Nation of Islam patriarch Elijah Muhammad. Minister Ava Muhammad is also a member of the Muslim Girls Training (MGT). In addition to administering day-to-day affairs at the mosque Muhammad was named Southern Regional Minister, giving her jurisdiction over Nation of Islam mosque activity in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and parts of Tennessee.
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“Irama” is the term used for tempo in gamelan. It can be used with elaborating instruments. It is a concept used in Javanese gamelan music, describing melodic tempo and relationships in density between the balungan, elaborating instruments, and gong structure. It is distinct from tempo (Javanese: “Laya”), as each “Irama” can be played in different tempi. “Irama” thus combines “the rate of temporal flow and temporal density”; and the temporal density is the primary factor.
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Nick Juliano

Nick Juliano is POLITICO’s deputy energy editor, helping to oversee coverage of oil and gas, utilities, renewable energy and climate change among other topics. Before joining POLITICO in June 2015, Juliano was a Capitol Hill reporter for Environment & Energy Publishing’s E&E Daily and Greenwire; he previously worked for Platts’ Inside Energy and Inside Washington Publishers’ Inside EPA as well as several local newspapers. An Ohio native, Juliano holds an undergraduate degree from the E.W. Scripps School of Journalism at Ohio University and a masters’ in political science from American University’s School of Public Affairs. He lives in Washington, D.C., with his wife and dog.
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